Tag Archives: latin

RESISTERE, latin for resist: Daniel (VULG), Ezekiel, and the Imago Dei

“He said to me, ‘Do not fear, Daniel, for from the first day you set your mind to gain understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your words have been heard, and I have come because of your words. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia opposed me 21 days. So Michael, one of the chief of the princes, came to help me, and I left him there with the prince of the kingdom of Persia, and have come to help you understand what is to happen to your people at the end of days. For there is a further vision of those days.” Daniel 10:12-14 NRSV.

Like Ezekiel a prophet before him, Daniel was blessed to see the Son of Man, the very Image Of God shining brightly before him. Daniel was overwhelmed, he was pale, & he was so sick, all of the people around him were frightened (v. 8), he did not have the voice to speak. But when he heard the mighty roar (v. 6) of this Image, Daniel was strengthened. The Image informs Daniel that the struggle between the Persians and the Jewish people and exile was not one of flesh, but between spiritual forces. Daniel is equipped to work for God and God’s empire because of his lifelong path of courage and humility. The king of Persia, the most powerful man on the planet at the time, was arrogant, was simply just not ready to experience God’s reign.  This is why in the Latin Vulgate, resistere is used for the action that the Persian ruler was taking, namely resisting God’s will. The Son of Man / Image of God promises that not only will he lead YHWH’s battle against the Persian empire (take that 300 and 300:Rise Of An Empire! ), but that he will also RETURN to fight the militaries from ancient Greece as well. These words would bring comfort to Daniel the Jewish prophet in exile, because he was exceedingly fearful of the rising Greek forces (7:15). The beginning of resistance to the wicked kingdoms of the Earth is humility in the presence of the Triune God, and being present with the humiliated of the world. #resistere

Languages I Would Like to Learn/ Re-Learn

46 is the earliest (nearly) complete manuscrip...
Image via Wikipedia

In his book, Many Colors, Dr. Soong-Chan Rah suggests that U.S. American theologians need to be multi-lingual in their future endeavors. I, for one, have always believed this. Here is a list of languages that I would like to learn/re-learn in order to do more a excellent theology. I do not think that any Christian theologian, post-Pentecost & in the  post-Civil Rights era can afford to do theology monolinguistically.


1. Spanish– In high school, I took four years of Espanol. Spanish will be important for my conversations with Latin American liberation theology as I hope to gain more of an idea of their Christology, particularly the idea of Jesus as the God-Poor.

2. German– German will be necessary for me to catch up on Jurgen Moltmann‘s work in his original language. In my theological German course, I chose the brutal task of translating a section from his Theology of Hope. I hope to find some time to do some more work with TOH and a few of his other less known writings.

3. French– French actually was pretty fun to work with.  In my theological French course, I chose a passage out of one of Henry De Lubac’s texts about biblical interpretation and the Patristics. I’d like to of course go back, and finish that chapter I started to get Lubac’s insights.

4. Biblical Greek– I only struggled in Biblical Greek class when I did not study, but when I did give it my all, I enjoyed it. An upcoming experiment in biblical translation with Chad will be able to persuade me to return to  translating the LXX & NT Greek texts, along with some Patristics who also wrote in Greek.


1. Biblical Hebrew & AramaicI never was able to take a class on Hebrew or Aramaic, but I would like to be able to translate the Masoteric text of the Old Testament for myself.

2. Latin– Latin is an easy choice. At one point, I was part of a study group that was learning Latin but I was unable to attend regularly due to my employer.  I do have the text books however, and plan to learn the lingo at some point and time.

3. Korean– I did an independent study where I came across some fascinating histories of Protestantism in Korea. In order to complete my work on conversion and decolonization, it’d be necessary for me to learn Korean. If you know of any resources to help me get started, fonts & all, please do recommend.

What languages would you like to study or re-learn?

Enhanced by Zemanta